Professor Jan Davies MSc MD FRCPC FRAeS
Professor of Anaesthesia, Cumming School of Medicine and an Adjunct Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, at the University of Calgary
Professor Jan Davies is a Professor of Anaesthesia, Cumming School of Medicine and an Adjunct Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, at the University of Calgary. Since 1983 she has undertaken research and worked in system safety, in healthcare and aviation. Starting in the late 1980s she spent over a decade visiting the (former) Bureau of Air Safety Investigation, at the invitation of the previous director, Dr Rob Lee.
Together with Professor Jim Reason, in 1990 she and an anaesthetic colleague were the first to apply Reason’s Swiss cheese model to a healthcare investigation. From the mid-1990’s on she collaborated with the late Professor Bob Helmreich on several concepts, including the application of Crew Resource Management in healthcare. In 2014 Professor Davies started to work with a Korean cabin safety expert, Dr Ki Yoo, on the passenger brace position. This led to publication of an article on the need for regulatory review of the passenger brace position and to a presentation to ICAO’s Cabin Safety Group (ICSG) in April 2016, together with international experts on brace position testing. In her presentation, Professor Davies suggested applying the healthcare concept of ‘best evidence’ to making choices about specific passenger and crew brace positions. Since then, the ICSG Ad Hoc Group on Brace Position has evolved into IBRACE, the International Board for Research into Aircraft Crash Events, an independent group of experts dedicated to producing an internationally agreed, evidence-based set of impact bracing positions for passengers and (eventually) cabin crew members in a variety of seating configurations, which will be submitted to ICAO through its ICSG.